NEW AUDI S3 WITH 300PS AND 40MPG
Performance hatchback combines all-new 2.0-litre TFSI engine and all-new platform for exceptional performance, efficiency and dynamics
· New 2.0 TFSI engine with turbocharging and direct injection
· Ample power and minimal consumption: 300PS and 380 Nm, but also up to 40.9mpg
· From zero to 62mph in 5.1 seconds
Audi is about to whip up a storm by injecting the latest A3 compact hatchback with a mighty 300PS and 380Nm of torque to create the all-new S3, one of the highlights of the Paris Motor Show (September 29 to October 14). Scheduled to launch in early 2013, the lightweight premium compact model combines its dynamic performance with groundbreaking efficiency and comes complete with all the high-tech Audi has to offer in every field of technology.
The long-stroke 2.0 TFSI in the Audi S3 is new from the ground up. The only thing it has in common with its predecessor, which was named Engine of the Year in its category five times in a row between 2005 and 2009, is its displacement of 1,984 cc (bore x stroke 82.5 x 92.8 millimetres). The four-cylinder unit delivers a constant 380 Nm of torque to the crankshaft between 1,800 and 5,500 rpm. Rated power at 5,500 rpm is 300PS, and the engine redlines at 6,800 rpm.
The S3 delivers impressive performance. The sprint from zero to 62mph is completed in 5.1 seconds when equipped with the S tronic transmission (5.4 seconds with the manual transmission), and top speed is electronically governed at 155mph. Combined fuel economy stands at 40.9mpg (manual 40.4mpg). This corresponds to CO2 emissions of 159g/km (162 in the manual version).
The powerful four-cylinder engine features two balancer shafts rotating at twice the speed of the crankshaft for impressive smoothness, and with the help of an electromechanical sound actuator at the bulkhead this refinement is complemented by a suitably sporting engine note. The exhaust system also includes a sound flap that opens at certain engine speed ranges to give the S3 an even more purposeful soundtrack.
The 2.0 TFSI boasts groundbreaking solutions in many fields of technology. One of these is the additional use of indirect injection. It supplements the FSI direct petrol injection at part load to reduce consumption and particulate emissions. FSI injection, which works at pressures up to 200 bar, is used when starting and at higher loads.
On the exhaust side, the Audi valvelift system varies the stroke of the valves in two stages; the camshaft on the intake side can be adjusted steplessly through 30 degrees of crankshaft angle while 60 degrees of adjustment is available on the exhaust side. The compression ratio of 9.3:1 is unusually high for a turbocharged engine.
The exhaust manifold is integrated into the cylinder head, where it is bathed in coolant. This solution lowers the temperature of the exhaust and accelerates warmup following a cold start, which lowers consumption during the cold-start phase. This concept also has a positive effect on fuel consumption during sporty driving because full-load enrichment is no longer necessary. The large turbocharger is also a new development. It achieves a maximum boost pressure of up to 1.2 bar for even more spontaneous engine response. A high-performance intercooler integrated into the water circuit greatly reduces the temperature of the compressed air and thus increases the amount of air required for combustion.
With the 2.0 TFSI’s innovative thermal management system, two rotary slide valves consolidated in a single module regulate the flow of coolant. These valves ensure that the engine oil heats up to its operating temperature soon after the vehicle is started; they also maintain the coolant temperature, as per a given driving situation, between 85 and 107 degrees Celsius (185.0° F and 224.6° F). As a result – regardless of load or engine speed – the valves always strike the perfect balance between minimal friction and high thermodynamic efficiency.
The 2.0 TFSI has been designed specifically for use in the new Audi S3. Pistons with stronger bolts and new rings plus reinforced connecting rods with new mounts transfer the power to the crankshaft. The gray cast iron crankcase has been reinforced at the main bearing seats and the main bearing cover.
The cylinder head is made of a new, particularly lightweight aluminium-silicon alloy characterised by high strength and temperature resistance.
An innovative coating on the piston skirts and mounting the balance shafts in roller bearings keep internal friction low. The regulated oil pump only consumes as much energy as is necessary for the current driving situation.
Despite its complexity and high output, the new 2.0 TFSI weighs just 148 kilograms - more than five kilograms less than the previous engine. Its dimensions are compact: 603 millimetres long, 678 millimetres wide and 664 millimetres high.
The new Audi S3 is equipped as standard with a manual six-speed transmission with a lightweight magnesium case. The optional S tronic transmission boasts high efficiency and a tall sixth gear. The lower gears are short in the interest of dynamics, as is also the case with the manual transmission.
The S tronic comprises two sub-units, with two multi-plate clutches controlling the gears. The large K1 clutch located on the outside directs the torque via a solid shaft to the gear wheels for gears 1, 3 and 5. A hollow shaft rotates around the solid shaft. It is connected to the smaller K2 clutch, which is integrated inside its larger sibling, and which acts on the gear wheels for gears 2, 4 and 6, as well as reverse.
Both transmission structures are continuously active, but only one of them is connected to the engine at any one time. For example, when the driver accelerates in third gear, the fourth gear is already engaged in the second transmission section. Shifts are performed by switching the clutches. This takes just a few hundredths of a second and happens so quickly and smoothly that it is barely perceptible.
S tronic can be operated using the short selector lever or with the optional paddles on the steering wheel. It includes the modes D and S in addition to manual mode. The driver can activate launch control at the push of a button. This manages starts with controlled wheel-spin to deliver maximum engine power to the road.
quattro permanent all-wheel drive is an integral component of the powertrain. It gives the new top model in the A3 series a decisive edge over its two-wheel-drive competition. The Audi S3 can accelerate earlier and more safely when exiting a corner, and remains stable and composed under all conditions, particularly in the rain and snow.
The heart of the quattro drive system is an electronically controlled and hydraulically actuated multi-plate clutch. In the interest of balance axle load distribution, it is located at the end of the prop shaft, in front of the rear axle differential.
Inside is a package of plates that rotate in an oil bath. The metal friction rings are arranged behind one another in pairs – one ring of each pair is rigidly meshed with the housing, which rotates with the prop shaft; the other ring is meshed with the output shaft to the rear axle differential.
During normal driving, the clutch sends most of the engine’s power to the front wheels. If traction decreases there, the clutch can transfer torque steplessly to the rear axle in just a few milliseconds by forcing the packages of plates together via controlled action. An axial piston pump generates the necessary pressure almost instantaneously.
The new Audi S3 responds quickly and accurately to steering input, and can take all types of corners at high speed and with little body movement. Its handling is precise, safe and virtually neutral.
One reason for this performance is the finely balanced distribution of the axle loads. The front axle has been shifted forward 52 millimetres compared with the previous model. The new 2.0 TFSI is 5 kilograms lighter than the previous engine and is installed tilted backward by 12 degrees. This layout is a result of the Group’s modular transverse platform, on which the new Audi S3 is based.
The subframe, the pivot bearings in the McPherson front axle, the crash management system, the front wings and the bonnet are made of aluminium. All together they save 17 kilograms of weight. The front suspension has a track width of 1,535 millimetres. Anti-roll bars are employed front and rear.
Another innovation in the Audi S3 is progressive steering. The steering rack is geared in such a way that the ratio varies. It is somewhat more indirect around the centre and very direct when steered sharply. For the driver, the result is a pleasantly smooth character when driving straight ahead and fittingly rapid response in tight corners.
The powerful electric motor providing the servo boost complements the character of the steering system, decreasing its output as speed increases. It consumes no energy when driving straight ahead and thus helps to further reduce fuel consumption. The progressive steering works closely together with various systems on board the new S3, such as the standard rest recommendation and the optional Audi active lane assist and park assist systems.
The four-link rear suspension has a track width of 1,511 millimetres. Its sword-shaped trailing links absorb the propulsion and braking forces. Their bearings are large and relatively elastic in the interest of a more comfortable ride. On the other hand, the three wishbones per wheel for absorbing lateral forces are attached very rigidly to the steel subframe for improved handling.
The links of the rear axle are made of high-strength steels; the wheel carriers are aluminium. The shock absorbers and the compact coil springs are separate from one another, resulting in sensitive response and a high luggage capacity. The sport suspension lowers the body by 25 millimetres compared with the A3.
The new Audi S3 rolls on 7.5 J x 18 alloy wheels with 225/40-series tyres. The wheels sport an S-specific design with five parallel spokes. They are produced using sophisticated flow forming technology, in which the outer rim is rolled out over a cylinder at high pressure and high temperature. While the system is shaping the wheel blank it is also strengthening the material, which allows for thinner wall thicknesses – the wheel is lighter, yet stronger. Despite their performance potential, the tyres also feature low rolling resistance and thus contribute to the efficiency of the Audi S3.
The brakes of the new S3 can be very precisely metered. The pedal feel is firm but progressive. The front discs are internally vented and measure 340 millimetres in diameter. The black brake calipers are emblazoned with S3 logos. The new electromechanical parking brake, which the driver operates via a button, is integrated into the rear axle brake system. The latest evolution of the ESC electronic stabilization control intercedes very precisely.
Audi drive select is standard in the new Audi S3. It incorporates the characteristics of the electronic accelerator, the boost of the progressive steering and the shift points of the optional S tronic. The driver determines with the push of a button whether these systems operate in comfort, auto, dynamic, efficiency or individual mode. In individual mode, drivers can compose their own preferred profile within certain limits.
In efficiency mode, the function of the standard dual-zone climate control, the cruise control or adaptive cruise control and the adaptive light is modified for optimal fuel consumption. In this case, the S tronic switches to coasting mode when the driver takes his or her foot off the gas pedal.
Another optional module integrated into Audi drive select is the electromagnetic damper control system Audi magnetic ride. A synthetic hydrocarbon oil containing microscopically small magnetic particles circulates within the damper pistons. When a coil applies a voltage, the particles align perpendicular to the direction of flow of the oil, impeding its flow through the channels in the pistons.
The control unit constantly analyses the condition of the road and the driver’s style, repeatedly adapting the damper forces within milliseconds. The driver can choose between three modes. The new S3 is balanced in normal mode and tightly connected to the road in sport mode. Steering response becomes even quicker, and yaw movements are largely suppressed.
Ultra lightweight construction is an Audi core competence. The new S3 weighs no more than 1,395 kilograms, a value that is easily the best in its competitive environment. Compared with the previous model, kerb weight has been reduced by 60 kilograms. Thanks to hot-shaped, high-tech steels, the body-in-white alone represents a weight saving of 28 kilograms over the previous model. The large aluminium parts in the front section of the car round out the lightweight construction concept.
The three-door body of the S3 is also very stiff, crash-safe and quiet. A noise-insulating windscreen is standard. The coefficient of drag is just 0.33. The new Audi S3 is 4,254 millimetres long, 1,777 millimetres wide and 1,435 millimetres high. Its wheelbase measures 2,595 millimetres, 17 millimetres more than its predecessor.
Each element of the design of the new S3 is precise and distinctive. The athletic stance is emphasized by the low bonnet, and the characteristic tornado line below the windows and the sharply sloped C-pillars stretch the body visually. Xenon plus headlights with LED daytime running lights are standard. The flat rear lights, into which the adaptive brake light is integrated, are also fitted with light-emitting diodes.
The xenon-based Audi adaptive light swivels into corners. It is also linked to the navigation system and can be upgraded with special lighting functions for urban, extra urban and highway driving, as well as for junctions and tourist attractions. When combined with the front-facing camera, the light-dark boundary of the headlights is automatically and steplessly adjusted for substantially improved visibility and safety.
A true first in the premium compact class are the optional LED headlights, which previously have only been available in full-size models. The low beams are generated in two free-form reflectors with a total of nine high-performance LED chips. Ten high-performance LEDs in the matt aluminum trim provide the high beams. Depending on the features chosen, the high beams are switched on automatically and LED cornering lights illuminate tight corners. Inter-urban, motorway and tourist attraction lighting rounds out the lighting convenience functions. The all-weather lights enhance safety in fog or snow.
As expected the Audi S3 incorporates the S-specific single-frame grille, which appears here with an aluminium-look finish and matt platinum grey inserts. The horizontal double bars also have an aluminium-look finish. The newly designed bumper features aluminium-look double ribs integrated into the lateral air inlets. Pronounced edges frame the large air inlets with the high-gloss black honeycomb inserts. Additional implied air openings are located close to the wheels.
When viewed from the side, the aluminium-look exterior mirrors and the pronounced side sills catch the eye. The rear bumper has also been redesigned. The platinum grey diffuser houses the exhaust system’s four oval tailpipes, which feature chrome tips. A large roof spoiler generates downforce on the rear axle.
S badges adorn the rear and the single-frame grille. Highlights among the 14 colours available for the Audi S3 are the exclusive crystal-effect finishes Panther Black and Estoril Blue.
The exterior’s sporting overtones are of course carried over into the interior. A distinct arch encircles the instrument panel; slim and low, the instrument panel appears to float on the centre console. Large, round air vents, the elegant control panel for the climate control and the decorative inlays in matt brushed aluminium or a black 3D look provide sophisticated accents. The controls are clear and intuitive, as in every Audi. The quality is exceptional and there is a generous amount of room. Luggage capacity is 365 litres, which can be increased to 1,100 litres by folding down the rear seats.
The instrument dials are grey, the needles white. Another S-specific feature can be found on the rev counter, which now includes a boost pressure indicator. The driver’s information system with rest recommendation is standard; the power-retractable on-board monitor powers up to display a special S3 screen when the ignition is turned. The optional leather multifunction sports steering wheel has been redesigned with the flat-bottomed rim. In models equipped with S tronic, it also has aluminium-look shift paddles. The pedals and footrest are made of brushed aluminium.
The sports seats with pull-out seat cushions are also a new development. The seat coverings are one of three variants: In the first, the large side bolsters are covered in Pearl Nappa leather while the seat centre sections are covered in cloth. The second is a combination of perforated Alcantara and Pearl Nappa leather. The third variant is a mix of Velvet leather with Fine Nappa leather. Audi also offers optional S sport seats with integrated head restraints and diamond quilting.
The interior of the S3, including the headlining, is in black with contrasting stitching. S logos adorn the door sill strips, the steering wheel, the gear/selector lever knob and the instruments. Dual-zone electronic climate control and the storage package are standard in the Audi S3.
The new S3 can be equipped with all of the groundbreaking mobile infotainment and driver assistance solutions available for the model series. Audi connect is the name for a broad range of tailored online services that network drivers with their surroundings and rapidly supply them with key information in an easy-to-comprehend format.
Audi has designed a variety of infotainment elements for using the new services, topped by MMI navigation plus with MMI touch. The high-end system boasts a super-flat, power-retractable, seven-inch monitor and a new operating concept in which MMI touch is integrated into the rotary pushbutton. The Audi Phone Box connects mobile phones to the vehicle in a convenient way, and the sound system from Bang & Olufsen offers pure hi-fi enjoyment, with LED light guides accentuating the woofers in the doors.
The assistance systems in the S3 come directly from the full-size class. The range begins with adaptive cruise control, which when combined with the safety system Audi pre sense front brings the car to a stop autonomously from speeds below
19mph, and continues through Audi side assist, Audi active lane assist and camera-based traffic sign recognition to the park assist system. There are also a number of convenience options, including adaptive light (also with variable headlight range control), the advanced key and the panoramic glass sunroof.
The Audi S3 will open for UK order later in 2012. Its base price in Germany is €38,900, but UK-specific pricing and specification will be confirmed nearer to the start of ordering.
Called in at Crewe Audi today, they told me the car is available to order from April.
| Pistons with stronger bolts and new rings |
I wonder where you put bolts in a piston????